睡前认知觉醒的相关因素及干预研究进展
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Associated factors and interventions of pre-sleep cognitive arousal
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    摘要:

    睡前认知觉醒是失眠维持的关键因素,反刍、担忧等侵入性思维是睡前认知觉醒的主要 形式,在元认知、睡眠信念、压力与应激等因素的影响下,睡前认知觉醒产生并对睡眠产生影响。经典 的失眠认知行为疗法和放松训练对睡前认知觉醒的作用有限,在此基础上结合正念疗法对降低睡前认 知觉醒有更大优势。文章从失眠与睡前认知觉醒的关系为出发点,对睡前认知觉醒的影响因素、干预 方式的研究进行综述。

    Abstract:

    Pre-sleep cognitive arousal is a key factor in maintaining insomnia. Intrusive thoughts such as rumination and worry are the main forms of pre-sleep cognitive arousal, which are generated and maintained by the interaction of metacognition, sleep beliefs, stress and strain and further influence insomnia. Classical cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia and relaxation training have limited effect on pre-sleep cognitive arousal, based on which augmentation programs incorporating mindfulness have more advantages in reducing pre-sleep cognitive arousal. This study reviews the factors influencing pre-sleep cognitive arousal and intervention programs based on the relationship between insomnia and pre-sleep cognitive arousal.

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朱凯旭,王丽萍.睡前认知觉醒的相关因素及干预研究进展[J].神经疾病与精神卫生,2023,23(3).
DOI :10.3969/j. issn.1009-6574.2023.03.012.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-05-06