人格特质和社会支持对青少年抑郁特质和抑郁状态的影响
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北京市医院管理中心“登峰”计划(DFL20192001);北京市科技计划项目(Z191100006619104)


Effects of personality traits and social support on depressive trait and depressive state in adolescents
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    摘要:

    目的 探讨人格特质和社会支持对青少年抑郁特质和抑郁状态的独立作用,以及在压 力性生活事件对抑郁特质和状态影响中的调节作用。方法 采用方便抽样法,于 2022 年 7— 8 月选取 四川省某所中学的 303 名中学生为研究对象。采用青少年生活事件量表、中国大五人格问卷简版、青 少年社会支持量表、特质抑郁量表、流调用抑郁量表在线调查青少年的压力性生活事件、人格特质、社 会支持、抑郁特质、抑郁状态。采用多重线性回归分析人格特质和社会支持对青少年抑郁特质和抑郁 状态的影响,并分析人格特质和社会支持在青少年压力性生活事件对抑郁特质和抑郁状态影响中的交 互作用。结果 多重线性回归分析结果显示,开放性人格特质与青少年抑郁特质呈负相关(β=-0.17, 95%CI:-0.27~-0.08,P< 0.05),社会支持与青少年抑郁特质(β=-0.16,95%CI:-0.21~-0.10,P< 0.05) 和抑郁状态呈负相关(β=-0.13,95%CI:-0.19~-0.07,P< 0.05)。交互作用结果显示,开放性人格在生 活事件对青少年抑郁特质的影响中表现出调节作用(P< 0.05),社会支持在生活事件对青少年抑郁状态 的影响中表现出调节作用(P< 0.05)。结论 开放性人格较高的青少年的抑郁特质较低,社会支持较高 的青少年的抑郁特质和抑郁状态均较低。开放性人格和社会支持分别在压力性生活事件对青少年抑郁 特质和抑郁状态的影响中起调节作用。

    Abstract:

    Objective To explore the independent effects of personality traits and social support on depressive traits and states in adolescents, and the regulatory effects of stressful life events on depressive traits and states in adolescents. Methods A total of 303 students from one middle school in Sichuan Province were recruited from July 2022 to August 2022 by convenience sampling method. All the participants were investigated online with Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC), Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory brief version (CBF-PI-B), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Trait Depression Scale (T-DEP), and The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Information of adolescent stress related life events, personality traits, social support, depression traits, and depression status were collected. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the impact of personality traits and social support on adolescent depressive traits and states, and the interaction between personality traits and social support in the impact of stressful life events on adolescent depressive traits and states was analyzed. Results The results of multiple linear regression showed that there was a negative correlation between open personality traits and adolescent depression traits (β=-0.17, 95%CI=-0.27- -0.08, P< 0.05), and a negative correlation between social support and adolescent depression traits (β=- 0.16, 95%CI=-0.21- -0.10, P< 0.05) and depressive state (β=- 0.13, 95%CI=-0.19- -0.07,P < 0.05). The results of interaction showed that open personality played a regulatory role in the influence of life events on the adolescent depressive trait (P< 0.05), while social support played a regulatory role in the influence of life events on the adolescent depression state (P< 0.05). Conclusions For adolescents, higher open personality leads to a lower depressive trait, and higher social support leads to both a lower depressive trait and a lower depressive state. Open personality and social support respectively play a regulatory role in the impact of stressful life events on the depressive traits and states.

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王静函,陈海滔,许皓,谭淑平.人格特质和社会支持对青少年抑郁特质和抑郁状态的影响[J].神经疾病与精神卫生,2023,23(4).
DOI :10.3969/j. issn.1009-6574.2023.04.009.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2023-05-30